Homologous pairs are found in human chromosomes. What are the different pairs? Why are they hohologous?
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A homologous pair is a pair of chromosomes that exist in diploid cells. One of the pair you inherit from your father, the other from your mother.
A human has 22 pairs of homologous chromosomes (these do not include sex chromosomes). They are the same length and shape. They also share the same genes. The sequences of the genes may be different, which is what results in genetic variation, but the genes are the same.

 
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