What are the mojor differences between plant cells and animal cells?
closed with the note: Question Answered.
closed by

2 Answers

Animal cells versus plant cells

1- Plants have chloroplasts and other plastids

2 - Plants have cell walls as structural support and a Phragmoplast (a microtubule array) to form a new cell plate and complete cytokinesis after mitosis. This plate allows the new cell wall to grow. Animal cells have the central spindle array of bundled microtubules involved in cytokinesis.

3 - Animal cells have one or more small vacuoles while plants have a large vacuole taking up most of the internal space.

4 - Animals cells all have centrioles as organizing bodies with gamma tubulin while plant nuclear membranes have gamma tubulin in multiple dispersed sites rather than a discrete organizing body.

5- Animals cells are round or irregular with a shape determined by the cytoskeleton. Plant cellular shape is determined by the rectangular cell wall.

6 - While flagella and cilia are common to animals (protozoa, gametes) they are rare to plants.    Cycads, ferns, moss and other basal plants have gametes with flagella but conifers, and all flowering plants do not have gametes with flagella they have multicellular pollen (the mature male gametophyte).    Plants do not have the flagellar dynein motors.    Plants have a unique cytoskeletal motor; the kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP) is part kinesin and part myosin.
by Level 2 User (700 points)

Plant cells have chloroplasts and cell wall, and animal cells don't have either of those things.


Chloroplasts are organelles used for photosynthesis, and a cell wall is ia rigid structure that can act as a support for the cell, and it can offer protection.

by Level 2 User (2.9k points)
1,285 questions
1,122 answers
9,786 users