A gamete is the reproductive cell of an organism, egg or sperm. If the organism is diploid it has two sets of chromosomes. One set is from the mother and one from the father. In order to pass genetic information from one generation to the next organisms create gametes through a special cell division called meiosis which contain only one set of chromosomes. When the organisms reproduce they receive one set of chromosomes from the gamete of the mother and one from the gamete of the father. Haploid indicates that the cells only have one set of chromosomes.